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尹润生:Market-based PES program design and implementation: What can we learn from comparing Chinese and American experiences?



尹润生教授,林业经济与生态经济领域知名专家,美国密歇根州立大学林业系从教,同时是该校亚洲研究中心、国际发展研究中心的核心成员。担任Forest Policy and Economics 主编。曾担任中国生态系统政策研究所所长、Forest Science副主编、Environmental Managemen特邀主编等, 承担各类科研项目30余项。 先后在Land Use Policy, Ecological Economics, Forest Policy and EconomicsWorld Development, Forest Science等国际知名期刊上发表论文70余篇。主要研究领域:Assessment of ecological restoration programs;design and implementation of payments for ecosystem services; evaluation of policy impact; land tenure reform and market liberalization;forest reform and development.


Market-based PES program design and implementation: What can we learn from comparing Chinese and American experiences


Payments for ecosystem services (PES) have attracted broad attention as a novel approach for using economic incentives to provide ecosystem services more sustainably. However, there have been inadequate efforts addressing the basic question of how to design and execute PES at the program level. By comparing and contrasting the experiences of restoring degraded cropland to forest and grass covers in China and the U.S., this paper aims to tackle that question and provide some valuable and timely policy insights that can inform China and other countries of how to improve the performance of their PES programs in terms of effectiveness, efficiency, and/or equity. Our analysis will unfold through examining such specific questions as: What are the socioeconomic and environmental backgrounds for one country to launch a large PES program? How was it designed initially and has evolved over time? How has its performance been evaluated and what are the main outcomes? How likely is it for the enrolled land to be reconverted or for the contract to be expired? What are the primary challenges to its long-term success? Finally, this study calls for a more practical and focused approach to PES design, implementation, and evaluation that will lead to improved outcomes of forest and grassland ecosystem restoration and biodiversity conservation.