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张磊等:Climate technology transfer in BRI era: needs, priorities, and barriers from receivers’ perspective

发布时间:2020-06-23

ABSTRACT:

Technology is an instrument to build BRI relationships, mitigate the environmental and climate impacts of BRI projects, as well as to enhance environmental sustainability in the regions. This study aims to reposition China in global climate technology transfer in BRI era and to obtain initial knowledge on needs, priorities, and barriers from the receivers’ perspective. Focus group method with aid of questionnaire survey and follow-up face-to-face interviews was adopted to capture the major issues directly expressed by receivers from these countries. A total of 63 valid questionnaires were collected, and 13 respondents were face-to-face interviewed. The results confirmed that energy and agriculture were the most prioritized sectors for mitigation and adaptation in the developing countries alongside OBOR. The prioritized technologies for mitigation included cogeneration, solar photovoltaic, and biomass/biogas electricity. Irrigation, conservation agriculture, and soil management were prioritized for adaptation in agricultural sector, and water recycling and reuse, source water protection, and urban drainage management in water resource sector. Technology cost during installation and operation was stressed as the most important factor constraining the application and diffusion of climate technologies. But communication including language, information, and ways of communication, was also identified as an important factor. This implied that the conventional climate technology transfer need adapt to changing contexts of BRI and be complemented with innovative approaches involving multi-actors in different phases of climate technology development. Due to the limited representativeness of the sample, the results can hardly be generalized to all the countries, but raised interesting topics for future researches.

KEYWORDS: Climate technology transfer, BRI, receivers’ perspective

摘要:

技术是建立BRI关系、缓解BRI项目对环境和气候的影响以及提高区域环境可持续性的工具。本研究旨在对中国在BRI时代的全球气候技术转让进行重新定位,并从接受方的角度初步了解其需求、重点和障碍。本研究采用了焦点小组的方法,通过问卷调查和后续的面对面访谈来获取这些国家的接受者直接表达的主要问题。共收集了63份有效问卷,并对13名受访者进行了面对面的访谈。结果证实,在发展中国家,能源和农业是与《生物多样性公约》并列的最优先的缓解和适应部门。优先的缓解技术包括热电联产、太阳能光伏和生物质/沼气发电。在农业部门,灌溉、保护性农业和土壤管理被列为适应的优先事项;在水资源部门,水回收和再利用、源水保护和城市排水管理被列为优先事项。强调安装和运行期间的技术成本是制约气候技术应用和推广的最重要因素。但包括语言、信息和交流方式在内的交流也被认为是一个重要因素。这意味着传统的气候技术转让需要适应不断变化的BRI环境,并以创新的方法作为补充,在气候技术发展的不同阶段涉及到多个参与者。由于样本的代表性有限,研究结果很难推广到所有国家,但为未来的研究提出了有趣的课题。

关键词:气候技术转让,BRI,接受者视角

原载于:Minpeng Chen , Lei Zhang , Fei Teng , Jingjing Dai , Zhuang Li , Ziqi Wang & Yuting Li (2020) Climate technology transfer in BRI era: needs, priorities, and barriers from receivers’ perspective, Ecosystem Health and Sustainability, 6:1, 1-12, DOI:10.1080/20964129.2020.1780948

原文链接:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/20964129.2020.1780948