当前位置:首页 / 科学研究 / 科研成果

张磊等:Changing institutions for environmental policy and politics in New Era China

发布时间:2018-08-14

ABSTRACT:

The evolution of Chinese environmental policy and politics can be better understood in the broader context of institutional changes that have taken place since the late 1970s. In this study, an analytical framework was established to analyze how overall institutional changes were reflected in the roles of relationships between governmental and non-governmental actors engaged in environmental governance. Institutional changes were observed at three levels: informal institutions (cultural traditions, and political ideology); formal institutions (the polity, political system, property rights, and judiciary); and governing mechanisms (structures, regulatory approaches, and incentives). This analysis of interactions between institutional changes and the changing environmental process explained not only the drives and constraints behind China’s environmental policy evolution so far but also shed light on future challenges and opportunities.

KEYWORDS: Institutional changes, environmental politics, new environmentalism, New Era, China

摘要:

中国环境政策和政治的演变可以在1970年代末以来发生的体制变化这一更广泛的背景下得到更好的理解。在这项研究中,建立了一个分析框架,以分析总体体制变化如何反映在参与环境治理的政府和非政府行为者之间的关系中。在三个层面观察到了体制变化:非正式体制(文化传统和政治意识形态);正式体制(政体、政治制度、产权和司法);以及治理机制(结构、监管办法和激励措施)。这种对制度变迁与环境进程变化之间的相互作用的分析,不仅解释了迄今为止中国环境政策演进背后的驱动力和制约因素,也揭示了未来的挑战和机遇。

关键词:制度变迁,环境政治,新环境主义,新时代,中国

原载于:Zhang L., and X.R. Li, “Changing institutions for environmental policy and politics in New Era China”, Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment, DOI: 10.1080/10042857.2018.1496702.

原文链接:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10042857.2018.1496702?journalCode=tpre20