张磊等：Public perception and attitude towards chemical industry park in Dalian, Bohai Rim
Recent decade has witnessed accelerating expansion of chemical industry and increasing conflicts between the local citizens, governmental authorities and project developers, especially in some coastal and port cities in China. Development and transformation of chemical industrial parks has been adopted as a national initiative recently. However, there is a paucity of research examining public perspectives on chemical industrial parks and their risks. Aiming to understand public perception, attitude, and response and the factors underlying the support/acceptance of chemical industry park, this paper investigated 418 residents neighboring to two chemical industrial parks, Dalian in Bohai Rim through face-to-face questionnaire survey. The results showed the knowledge of the respondents on the chemical industrial parks development was very limited. The respondents had complex perceptions on the environmental impacts, risks control, social-economic benefits, and problem awareness. The current levels of information disclosure and public participation were very low. The central governmental official (44.3%) was the most trustworthy group by the respondents. Only 5.5% and 23.2% of the respondents supported the construction of a new CIP nearby and far away their homes, whilst 13% thought new CIP project as acceptable. The spearman correlation analysis results showed a strong NIMBY effect (Not In My Backyard). Factor analysis results demonstrated five latent factors: knowledge, benefit, information, trust, and participation. Multiple linear regression analysis indicated how ocio-demographic differences and five latent factors might impact on the support/acceptance of the chemical industrial parks. Education level,trust, information, and participation were significant predictors of public support/acceptance level. This study contributes to our limited knowledge and understanding of public sentiments to the chemical industry parks in China.
KEYWORDS: Public perception， Chemical industry park， Public acceptance， Information disclosure， Environmental risk
近十年来，化学工业加速扩张，当地居民、政府当局和项目开发商之间的冲突日益增多，特别是在中国的一些沿海和港口城市。最近，发展和改造化工园区已被采纳为一项国家举措。然而，关于公众对化工园区的看法及其风险的研究却很少。结果表明，被调查者对化学工业园区发展的了解非常有限。受访者对环境影响、风险控制、社会经济效益、问题意识等方面的认识比较复杂。目前的信息公开和公众参与程度很低。中央政府官员(44.3%)是被调查者最信任的群体。只有 5.5%和 23.2%的受访者支持在离家较远的地方建设新的 CIP 项目，而 13%的受访者认为新的 CIP 项目可以接受。斯帕曼相关分析结果显示，NIMBY（Not In My Backyard）效应很强。因子分析结果显示了五个潜伏因素：知识、利益、信息、信任和参与。多重线性回归分析表明，社会人口差异和五个潜伏因素对化工园区的支持/接受度的影响。教育水平、信任度、信息量和参与度是公众支持/接受程度的显著预测因素。
原载于Guizhen He*, Chunci Chen, Lei Zhang, Yonglong Lu, 2018. Public perception and attitude towards chemical industry park in Dalian, Bohai Rim. Environmental Pollution, 235: 825-835（IF5.099）