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苏明明等: Agricultural heritage conservation, tourism and community livelihood in the process of urbanization – Xuanhua Grape Garden, Hebei Province, China

发布时间:2019-11-12

ABSTRACT:

Tourism can be an important strategy for conserving traditional agricultural systems and potentially enhancing livelihoods of hosting communities. The intricate and complex relations between agricultural heritage conservation, tourism and community livelihoods are examined at a GIAHS site in China. Through multistakeholder interviews, the study illustrates that the increased government support and public awareness after GIAHS designation do not ease the struggle between conservation and development at Guanhou Village. Particularly in the context of fast urbanization, multi-layer integration of tourism and the agricultural heritage system should be sought to sustain traditional agriculture and enhance community livelihoods. Practical implications are then discussed.

KEYWORDS:  Agricultural heritage system; GIAHS; tourism; urbanization; rural community; sustainable livelihood; agriculture and tourism integration; China; heritage conservation; Xuanhua Grape Garden

摘要: 旅游业可以成为保护传统农业系统和潜在提高遗产地社区生计的重要战略。本研究聚焦中国河北省宣化传统城市葡萄园这个全球重要农业文化遗产系统(GIAHS),通过多个利益相关者的访谈探讨农业遗产保护、旅游发展和社区生计之间错综复杂的关系。研究表明,在全球重要农业文化遗产系统申报成功之后,政府的支持和公众意识的提高并不能缓解关后村保护与发展之间的矛盾。特别是在快速城市化的背景下,应寻求旅游业和农业遗产系统的多层次融合,以维系和传承传统农业并提高社区生计可持续性。论文最后探讨了研究结果对宣化传统城市葡萄园可持续发展的管理和政策建议。

关键词: 农业文化遗产,全球重要农业文化遗产系统(GIAHS),旅游,城市化,农业社区,可持续生计,农业和旅游业融合,中国,遗产保护,宣化传统城市葡萄园

原载于Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research (2019 Impact Factor =2.017)

原文链接:https://doi.org/10.1080/10941665.2019.1688366