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苏明明、靳敏等: Livelihood sustainability in a rural tourism destination - Hetu Town, Anhui Province, China

发布时间:2018-10-12

ABSTRACT:

Tourism impacts the livelihoods of destination communities for both good and ill. This study restructures the sustainable livelihood framework to analyze tourism and rural sustenance at Hetu Town, Anhui Province, China.  A mixed methods research design is adopted, incorporating a quantitative questionnaire survey and qualitative semi-structured interviews. Data were collected from April 2015 to February 2016. Improvements in livelihood diversity were identified with most residents adopting a multi-activity strategy using synergistic relationships between tourism and other sources of income, thereby enhancing overall livelihood sustainability. However, freedom to engage in new livelihoods varies as those with limited assets are difficult to participate in tourism. An income gap has emerged within the community. Such social risks have not been considered by the local government and are not reflected in local policies. Practical implications are discussed to enhance tourism participation and ensure appropriate benefit sharing with an emphasis on the roles of government.

KEYWORDS:  Tourism, Rural community, Sustainable livelihoods, Nongjiale, Agriculture

摘要:

旅游业会给目的地社区生计带来积极和消极的影响。本研究以安徽省河图镇为研究对象,基于重新建构的可持续生计框架,深入分析旅游业与乡村生计的互动影响。研究采用定量问卷调查和定性半结构化访谈相结合的混合研究方法。数据收集时间为2015年4月至2016年2月。研究显示案例地社区居民大多通过旅游业和其他生计的混合策略,使得生计多样性得到改善,提高了总体生计的可持续性。然而,研究表明,在没有外来影响的情况下,生计资本水平较低的居民存在旅游业参与壁垒。由于社区居民的生计自由度存在较大差异,乡村旅游的发展一定程度上加大了社区内部的收入差距。从长远来看,社区内部收入差距的扩大可能会产生社会问题。地方政府尚缺乏针对旅游带来的潜在社会分异的相应规划和政策促进旅游参与和利益分享均衡化。论文进而提出了促进我国乡村旅游可持续发展和社区可持续生计建构的相应政策和管理建议。

关键词: 旅游,乡村社区,可持续生计,农家乐,农业

原载于Tourism Management(2019 Impact Factor = 7.246)

原文链接:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0261517718302541